您的位置:三立在线 > GRE频道页 > GRE真题 > 2018年03月30日GRE考试真题回忆
400-808-3771

2018年03月30日GRE考试真题回忆

2018-12-07 18:10 三立在线 admin

分享到:0

摘要:作文机经 Issue High-profile awards such as the Nobel Prize are actually damaging to society because they suggest that only a few people deserve such recognition. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take.In developing and supporting your position,you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain

 作文机经

  Issue

  "High-profile awards such as the Nobel Prize are actually damaging to society because they suggest that only a few people deserve such recognition."

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take.In developing and supporting your position,you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position

  题干分析

  最高荣誉比如诺贝尔奖实际上是在损害社会,因为这种奖项在暗示只有少数人才配得上这样的荣誉。

  Outline

  The fact that only a few people deserve high-profile awards is insufficient evidence to suggest that such awards are damaging to society.

  1. Undoubtedly, high-profile awards suggest that only a few people deserve such recognition.

  2. What is significant is that high-profile awards point out the right directions in which all individuals in particular fields should make efforts.

  3. To make sure that high-profile awards serve the right purpose of society,it is imperative that the rules of the awards be fair and strictly adhered to.

  Argument

  Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium—substances essential for building and maintaining bones.Many people therefore say that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis,a disease that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors and that causes the bones to weaken significantly with age.But a long-term study of a large number of people found that those who consistently consumed dairy products throughout the years of the study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study.Since bone fractures are symptomatic of osteoporosis,this study result shows that a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease,the risk of osteoporosis.

  Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

  题目翻译

  牛奶和奶制品富含维生素D和钙,这些都是骨骼生长和保持骨骼健康所必须的物质。因此很多人相信多吃奶制品的饮食可以有助预防骨质疏松症 [译]骨质疏松症与环境因素和基因因素都有关系,而且它导致骨骼随年龄增长而脆性显着增加。但是对大量人群的进行的一项长期研究发现:那些在研究期间经常食用奶制品的人骨折収病率比其他参加研究的人要高。

  由于骨折是骨质疏松症的症状之一,这一研究结果表明多吃奶制品实际上会增加而不是减少患骨质疏松症的风险。

  说明:写一篇文章,阐述需要哪些具体的证据来评价这个论证过程,并解释这些证据如何削弱或强化这个论证过程。

  题目分析

  A. 前提:bone fractures are a symptom of osteoporosis

  骨折是骨质疏松症的症状之一

  B. 结论:a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase,rather than decrease,the risk of osteoporosis

  多吃奶制品实际上会增加而不是减少患骨质疏松症的风险

  C. 论据:

  1. Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium, substances essential for building and maintaining bones

  牛奶和奶制品富含维生素 D 和钙,这些都是骨骼生长和保持骨骼健康所必须的物质

  2. Many people therefore believe that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis,a disease in which the bones weaken significantly with age and that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors

  很多人相信多吃奶制品的饮食可以有助预防骨质疏松症

  3. Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones weaken significantly with age and that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors

  骨质疏松症是一种骨骼随年龄增长而脆性显着增加的疾病,而且它与环境因素和基因因素都有关系

  4. A long-term study of a large number of people found that those who have consistently consumed dairy products throughout the years of the study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study

  对大量人群的进行的一项长期研究发现:那些在研究期间经常食用奶制品的人骨折发病率比其他参加研究的人要高

  提纲(可攻击点)

  1、“维生素 D 和钙”是骨骼生长和保持骨骼健康所必须的物质,但是食用“牛奶和奶制品”是否就会给人体补充充足的骨骼生长和保持骨骼健康所必须的物质?

  2、“骨折是骨质疏松症的症状之一”,但能否仅根据骨折就说明骨质疏松?

  3、食用奶制品仅仅是保证“骨骼生长和保持骨骼健康”的一个因素,和“与环境因素和基因因素都有关系有关”而且“是一种骨骼随年龄增长而脆性显着增加的疾病”的骨质疏松相比,是否存在直接对应关系?

 

  填空等价机经

  1. In searching for norms in the sense of authoritative standards of what ought to be, rather than in the sense of what is average and thus can be considered normal, normative ethics aims to _____ .

  A. predict

  B. mitigate

  C. question

  D. dictate

  E. personalize

  正确答案:D

  题目解析:The sentence defines normative ethics by specifying the sense of the“norms”for which it searches.Since these are authoritative ethical standards,the word that fills the blank must describe the act of establishing those standards.The

  choice that does this is“dictate.”Of the other choices,“predict”suggests that normative ethics merely attempts to describe future behavior rather than establish what guidelines should shape it,while“personalize”suggests a concern with individual circumstances that is not otherwise addressed in the sentence.“Mitigate”(to moderate or alleviate)is likewise incongruent with the rest of the sentence,while“question”does not address normative ethics’concern with establishing rather than questioning norms.Thus the correct answer is dictate (Choice D).

  2. The figure-skating pair's convincing victory last week was particularly (i)_____to their rivals,who were in peak form and complained privately about the judging. That the pair won when their rivals were (ii)_____too is also impressive.

  Blank (i) Blank (ii)

  A. unsurprising D. terrific

  B. irksome E. nervous

  C. gratifying F. inconsistent

  正确答案:B D

  题目解析:第一空方程等号who,强词complained,所以空里填负向词irksome令人厌烦的;第二空方程等号too,表示取同,强词won,说明空里填正向词terrific极好的。

  翻译:这个花样滑冰双人组上周令人信服的胜利是尤其令他们的对手厌烦的,那些对手正处于巅峰状态并且私下里抱怨裁判;这个双人组赢过那些同样极好的对手的时候也是令人印象深刻的。

  3. That today's students of American culture tend to (i)_____classical music is understandable.In our own time,America's musical high culture has degenerated into a formulaic entertainment divorced from the contemporary moment.Thus,to miss out on what our orchestras are up to is not to (ii) _____ much.In the late Gilded Age,however,music was widely esteemed as the “queen of the arts.”Classical music was in its American heyday,(iii) _____ the culture at large.

  Blank (i) Blank (ii) Blank (iii)

  A. promote D. sacrifice G. antagonistic toward

  B. reinterpret E. appreciate H. generally rejected by

  C. ignore F. malign I. centrally embedded in

  正确答案:C D I

  题目解析:The“however”of the next-to-last sentence indicates that the author's characterization of the relationship between classical music and popular culture during the Gilded Age contrasts with the current state of affairs.Since music was widely esteemed during the Gilded Age,it follows that it is viewed more negatively,or disregarded,during the current era.Of the choices for Blank (i),“ignore”is the only choice that conveys this sentiment;“promote”connotes the opposite,while “reinterpret” suggests a different sort of positive engagement with classical music that is otherwise unmentioned in the passage.The author characterizes the current disconnection between music and culture as understandable,and uses pejorative language(“degenerated,”“formulaic”)to describe current classical music.Of the three choices for Blank (ii),“sacrifice” best conveys this dismissive attitude;“appreciate”would convey that those who forego orchestral concerts are indeed missing something worthwhile,while“malign”overstates the presumed level of feeling and activity of one who simply does not attend concerts.

  Since the lack of a connection between culture and classical music must contrast with the relationship during the Gilded Age, the answer to Blank(iii)is“centrally embedded in.”Of the other two choices,“generally rejected by”would provide no contrast,while“antagonistic toward”suggests a relationship that would not explain why music was so widely esteemed. Thus the correct answer is ignore(Choice C),sacrifice (Choice D),and centrally embedded in (Choice I).

  4. If big sums are to be spent on cleaning up environmental disasters,it is better to spend them on unglamorous but____problems such as unsanitary water in Third World countries.

  A. futile

  B. ephemeral

  C. pressing

  D. controversial

  E. transitory

  F. critical

  正确答案:CF

  本题大意:如果要把大笔资金投入灾难的清理,还不如投入到一些急迫的问题中。

  A:futile 无用的,丌重要的;B:ephemeral 短暂的,朝生暮死的;C:pressing 急迫的,紧急的

  D:controversial 有争议的;E:transitory 短暂的;F:critical 临界的,急迫的

  5. The process of establishing a literary canon is seen by some as, in part,an attempt by certain scholars to make their own labors central and to relegate the work of others to _____ status.

  A. orthodox

  B. marginal

  C. mainstream

  D. definitive

  E. conditional

  F. peripheral

  正确答案:B F

  本题大意:在某些人眼里,建立一个文学标准的过程就是某些学者努力把自己作品正统化(中央化)而把其它作品排挤边缘化。

  A:正统;B:边缘;C:主流;D:最终,丌可更改;E:条件;F:周边

  6. The mayor is more ideologically consistent than is widely believed:her long-term commitment to tax reform,for example,is not indicative of _____ .

  A. perspicacity

  B. capriciousness

  C. callousness

  D. fickleness

  E. clear-headedness

  F. insensitivity

  答案:BD

  题目大意:市长 consistent,然后丼例说明...is not 空格(丼例子就是为了说明市长始终如一,所以空格应该填发化)

  A:perspicacity 洞察力,聪颖,睿智;B:capriciousness 变化莫测,变化无常;C:callousness 麻木不仁;

  D:fickleness 多变;E:clear-headedness 头脑清醒,理智;F:insensitivity 不敏感

  数学机经

  1. Points R, S, and T lie on a number line, where S is between R and T.The distance between R and S is 6, and the distance between R and T is 15.

  Quantity A:the distance between the midpoints of lines segments RS and ST

  Quantity B:the distance between S and T

  A. Quantity A is greater.

  B. Quantity B is greater.

  C. The two quantities are equal.

  D. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

  正确答案:B

  题目解析:Quantity A 长度为 RT 的一半,7.5,Quantity B 长度为 15-6=9,因此选 B。

  2. x, y, and z are the lengths of the sides of a triangle.

  Quantity A:x+y+z

  Quantity B:2*z

  A. Quantity A is greater.

  B. Quantity B is greater.

  C. The two quantities are equal.

  D. The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

  正确答案:A

  题目解析:两边之和大于第三边,x+y>z. 所以 x+y+z>2*z

  3. Rectangle R has length 30 and width 10, and square S has length 5.The perimeter of S is what fraction of the perimeter of R ? ___/___

  正确答案:20,80

  题目解析:R 周长为 80,S 周长为 20,按照题目要求,前面填入 20,后面填入 80。根据OG 解释,考生如果约分为 1/4 也是正确的。

  4.1, –3, 4, 1, –3, 4, 1, –3, 4,..In the sequence above,the first 3 terms repeat without end. What is the sum of the terms of the sequence from the 150th term to the 154th term?

  正确答案:7

  题目解析:题目说前三项无限循环, 所以1,-3,4 是一个循环。150th 正好是4,然后以此类推,150th 到 154th 的和为 4+ 1+(-3)+4+1=7

  5. For which of the following bird species is the standard deviation of the numbers of sightings shown for the four seasons least

  A. Cardinal

  B. Junco

  C. Robin

  D. Sparrow

  E. Wren

  正确答案:D

  题目解析:此题解题要点有两个,首先考生需要理解standard deviation也就是标准差的概念。其次标准差计算公式较为复杂,强行计算会花费大量时间,因此需要省时解法,大家可以观察各组数据找出四个数据差异最小的一组,即为正确答案,因此选D。

  阅读逻辑机经

  短篇阅读

  Ragwort was accidentally introduced to New Zealand in the late nineteenth century and,like so many invading foreign species,quickly became a pest.By the 1920s,the weed was rampant.What made matters worse was that its proliferation coincided with sweeping changes in agriculture and a massive shift from sheep farming to dairying.

  Ragwort contains a battery of toxic and resilient alkaloids:even honey made from its flowers contains the poison in dilute form.Livestock generally avoid grazing where ragwort is growing,but they will do so once it displaces grass and clover in their pasture.Though sheep can eat it for months before showing any signs of illness,if cattle eat it they sicken quickly,and fatality can even result.

  1. The passage suggests that the proliferation of ragwort was particularly ill-timed because it

  A. coincided with and exacerbated a decline in agriculture

  B. took place in conditions that enabled the ragwort to spread faster than it otherwise would have done

  C. led to an increase in the amount of toxic compounds contained in the plants

  D. prevented people from producing honey that could be eaten safely

  E. had consequences for livestock that were more dramatic than they otherwise would have been

  正确答案:E

  题目解析:第二句说 ragwort的繁殖赶上了新西兰农业的发化——从养羊到养牛;而最后一句话又说这种草对牛的危害更大,so the proliferation of ragwort was particularly ill-timed

  E 选项:相比于其他方面,这种草对家畜的影响更为巨大

  The passage mentions that ragwort's impact on New Zealand's agriculture was especially severe because the plant's proliferation“coincided with sweeping changes in agriculture that saw a massive shift from sheep farming to dairying.”The severity of the impact was increased because cattle,which were displacing sheep,are much more sensitive than sheep to the toxins contained in ragwort.This points to Choice E as the correct answer choice.Nothing in the passage suggests that the proliferation of ragwort coincided with a decline in agriculture (Choice A),occurred faster than it might have done (Choice B),or made the plants more toxic (Choice C).There is a suggestion that ragwort honey might not be safe for humans,but there is no indication that this made the timing of the proliferation particularly unfortunate.

  2. The passage implies which of the following about the problems ragwort poses to dairy farmers?

  A. Milk produced by cows that eat ragwort causes illness in humans who drink it.

  B. Ragwort can supplant the plants normally eaten by cattle.

  C. Cattle,unlike sheep,are unable to differentiate between ragwort and healthy grazing.

  正确答案:B

  题目解析:尽管 A 有可能正确,但是文章里没有任何Support。B由Livestock generally avoid grazing where ragwort is growing,but they will do so once it displaces grass and clover in their pasture.支持,C完全超出文章之外。

  长篇阅读

  Frederick Douglass was unquestionably the most famous African American of the nineteenth century; indeed,when he died in 1895 he was among the most distinguished public figures in the United States. In his study of Douglass’career as a major figure in the movement to abolish slavery and as a spokesman for Black rights,Waldo Martin has provoked controversy by contending that Douglass also deserves a prominent place in the intellectual history of the United States because he exemplified so many strands of nineteenth-century thought:romanticism,idealism,individualism,liberal humanism,and an unshakable belief in progress.But this very argument provides ammunition for those who claim that most of Douglass’ideas,being so representative of their time,are now obsolete.Douglass’vision of the future as a melting pot in which all racial and ethnic differences would dissolve into“a composite American nationality”appears from the pluralist perspective of many present-day intellectuals to be not only utopian but even wrongheaded.Yet there is a central aspect of Douglass’thought that seems not in the least bit dated or irrelevant to current concerns. He has no rival in the history of the nineteenth-century United States as an insistent and effective critic of the doctrine of innate racial inequality.He not only attacked racist ideas in his speeches and writings,but he offered his entire career and all his achievements as living proof that racists were wrong in their belief that one race could be inherently superior to another.

  While Martin stresses Douglass’antiracist egalitarianism,he does not adequately explain how this aspect of Douglass'thought fits in with his espousal of the liberal Victorian attitudes that many present-day intellectuals consider to be naive and outdated.The fact is that Douglass was attracted to these democratic-capitalist ideals of his time because they could be used to attack slavery and the doctrine of White supremacy. His favorite rhetorical strategy was to expose the hypocrisy of those who,while professing adherence to the ideals of democracy and equality of opportunity,condoned slavery and racial discrimination.It would have been strange indeed if he had not embraced liberal idealism,because it proved its worth for the cause of racial equality during the national crisis that eventually resulted in emancipation and citizenship for African Americans.These points may seem obvious,but had Martin given them more attention, his analysis might have constituted a more convincing rebuttal to those critics who dismiss Douglass’ideology as a relic of the past.If one accepts the proposition that Douglass’deepest commitment was to Black equality and that he used the liberal ideals of his time as weapons in the fight for that cause, then it is hard to fault him for seizing the best weapons at hand.

  1. The passage as a whole can best be described as doing which of the following?

  A. Explaining Douglass’emergence as a major figure in the movement to abolish slavery

  B. Tracing the origins of Douglass’thought in nineteenth-century romanticism,idealism,and liberal humanism

  C. Analyzing Douglass’speeches and writings from a modern, pluralist perspective

  D. Criticizing Martin for failing to stress the contradiction between Douglass’principles and the liberal Victorian attitudes of his day

  E. Formulating a response to those who consider Douglass’political philosophy to be archaic and irrelevant

  正确答案:E

  题目解析:问文章主要讲了什么

  A. abolish slavery 上的作用,太绅节,错

  B. FD idea的源头,文中没有提到,错

  C. 分析 FD 的 writing,绅节,错

  D. 批评M没能强调FD原则与LV原则的矛盾性。错,没提到矛盾

  E. 回击那些人文FD的idea过时的人,对

  “These points may seem obvious, but had Martin given them more attention,his analysis might have constituted a more convincing rebuttal to those critics who dismiss Douglass’ideology as a relic of the past.If one accepts the proposition that Douglass’deepest commitment was to Black equality and that he used the liberal ideals of his time as weapons in the fight for that cause, then it is hard to fault him for seizing the best weapons at hand.”之句话是理解文章的关键,出现在文末。如果M更关注这点的话,那么他对人们认为D观点过时的反驳就会更有说服力。如果一个人接受并认为D最深的目的就是追求黑人的平等幵运用了“liberal ideals”最为他反驳他人观点的武器,那是绝对不会错的。

  2. It can be inferred that the “present-day intellectuals” believe that

  A. although Douglass used democratic-capitalist ideas to attack slavery and racial inequality,he did not sincerely believe in those ideas

  B. the view that Douglass was representative of the intellectual trends of his time is obsolete

  C. Douglass’opposition to the doctrine of innate racial inequality is irrelevant to current concerns

  D. Douglass’commitment to Black equality does not adequately account for his naive attachment to quaint liberal Victorian political views

  E. Douglass’goal of ultimately doing away with all racial and ethnic differences is neither achievable nor desirable

  正确答案:E

  题目解析:Douglass’vision of the future as a melting pot in which all racial and ethnic differences would dissolve into“a composite American nationality”appears from the pluralist perspective of many present-day intellectuals to be not only utopian but even wrongheaded.

  这句话讲DF的观点在pluralist看来就是utopian乌托邦空想主义,甚至wrongheaded。

  DF的想法不现实,缺乏实践无法实现。E选项中neither achievable nor desirable完美体现了这个意思。

  3. According to the passage, Douglass used which of the following as evidence against the doctrine of innate racial inequality?

  A. His own life story

  B. His vision of a composite American nationality

  C. The hypocrisy of self-professed liberal idealists

  D. The inevitability of the emancipation of African Americans

  E. The fact that most prominent intellectuals advocated the abolition of slavery

  正确答案:A

  题目解析:He not only attacked racist ideas in his speeches and writings,but he offered his entire career and all his achievements as living proof that racists were wrong in their belief that one race could be inherently superior to another. 体现了A中的own life story。

  逻辑阅读

  Despite the fact that the health-inspection procedures for catering establishments are more stringent than those for ordinary restaurants,more of the cases of food poisoning reported to the city health department were brought on by banquets served by catering services than were brought on by restaurant meals.

  Which of the following, if true, helps explain the apparent paradox in the statement above?

  A. A significantly larger number of people eat in restaurants than attend catered banquets in any given time period.

  B. Catering establishments know how many people they expect to serve,and therefore are less likely than restaurants to have, and serve,leftover food, a major source of food poisoning.

  C. Many restaurants provide catering services for banquets in addition to serving individual meals.

  D. The number of reported food-poisoning cases at catered banquets is unrelated to whether the meal is served on the caterer's or the client's premises.

  E. People are unlikely to make a connection between a meal they have eaten and a subsequent illness unless the illness strikes a group who are in communication with one another.

  正确答案:E

  题目解析:

  逻辑:食物中毒-->宴席被报告

  假设:食物中毒一定会被报告(无论是在餐厅还是在宴席上)

  原文漏洞:尽管宴席上的食物比普通餐厅的食物经过了更严格的检查,但宴席上被报告出食物中毒的案例即多于餐厅的。

  解题思路:假设取反(一切可以推翻假设的方式都可以)

  E 选项:给出了人们在普通餐厅吃饭中毒却不一定报告的情况,而在宴席上因为有认识的同伴一起进食从而可以确定是在宴席上中毒了。这是食物中毒一定会被举报的一种反例。

 

以上为2018年03月30日GRE考试真题回忆部分内容展示

要获取完整资料,请点击以下按钮获取。



相关字搜索:   
gre在线咨询

Copyright ?2004-2018 www.xiaoma.com All Rights Resserved 三立在线版权所有

咨询电话:400-808-3771 地址:上海市静安区愚园路172号B座12楼

关于我们 网站地图

沪ICP备16042710号-7

京公网安备 11010802021370号













无法在这个位置找到: kefu_code.htm