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摘要:GRE 写作 Issue 问题题库分析与 提纲 第一类 社会 2. Competition is ultimately more beneficial than detrimental to society. 归根结底,竞争对于社会是利多弊少。 Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society. 1. Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society. 2. In democratic countries, when parties and candidates compete for power, the public benefits. 3. Admittedly, when compet

GRE写作Issue问题题库分析与提纲

第一类 社会

2. "Competition is ultimately more beneficial than detrimental to society." 归根结底,竞争对于社会是利多弊少。

 

Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society.

1. Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society.

2. In democratic countries, when parties and candidates compete for power, the public benefits.

3. Admittedly, when competition gets out of the control of mores and laws, society will suffer.

竞争对于社会的优点和缺点

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3. "It is more important to allocate money for immediate, existing social problems than to spend it on long-term research that might help future generations."与其花钱进行可能有助于后代的长期性研究,还不如把钱花在迫在眉睫,已经存在的社会问题上。

 

Humanity should take into account both long-term interests and short-term interests when making budgets.

1. Naturally, each generation is most concerned about solving problems that immediately confront them.

2. However, what differentiates human beings from other animals is that humans have a sense of future and are morally responsible for the well-being of their descendents.

3. Therefore, as beneficiaries of previous generations, each generation should make its own contribution for the well-being of future generations.

 

当务之急和百年大计的关系

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9. "Academic disciplines have become so specialized in recent years that scholars' ideas reach only a narrow audience. Until scholars can reach a wider audience, their ideas will have little use."

 

近些年来,学科已经细化到了相当的程度以至于学者们的理念只影响小范围的人群。除非学者们能拥有影响到大范围的人群,否则他们的理念将几乎毫无用处。

 

The speaker oversimplifies the issue of academic influence on society.

1. It is true that academic disciplines have become so specialized nowadays that some scholars seemingly idiosyncratic ideas only reach a narrow audience.

2. It is also true that social scientists failing to reach the large public makes it impossible for their ideas to contribute to society.

3. Nevertheless, scholars in certain realms are doomed to live in an isolated and purely academic world, which does not necessarily mean that their ideas will have little use.

 

过分专业化问题 overspecialization

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15. "The stability of a society depends on how it responds to the extremes of human behavior."

 

一个社会的稳定取决于该社会对人们极端行为所作出的反应。

It is true that how a society copes with the extremes of human behavior largely determines the societys stability.

1. The extremes of human behavior--such as violence or strikes--usually dictate grave social troubles.

2. One solution to these social problems is suppressing, which proves effective in the short run and counterproductive in the long run.

3. The most effective way of responding to such problems is constructive communication and sometimes compromise.

抽象型题目

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16. "Although many people think that the luxuries and conveniences of contemporary life are entirely harmless, in fact, they actually prevent people from developing into truly strong and independent individuals."

 

尽管许多人认为现代生活的奢华和便利是丝毫没有坏处的,但是这实际上让人们无法成为真正强大和独立的个体。

Agree

1. Consider first the effect of the automobile on our independence as individuals. In some respects the automobile serves to enhance such independence.

2. However, we have become slaves to the automobile.

3. Consider next the overall impact of the automobile on our strength as individuals, by which I mean strength of character, or mettle.

4. In contrast, there is a certain strength of character that comes with eschewing modern conveniences such as cars, and with the knowledge that one is contributing to a cleaner and quieter environment, a safer neighborhood, and arguably a more genteel society. 

社会和个人之发展问题

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17. "There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws."

 

有两种法律:公正的和不公正的。每个社会成员都有责任遵守公正的法律,但是更重要的是,更应该不遵守和反抗不公正的法律。

 Disagree:

1. First, whether a law is just or unjust is rarely a straightforward issue. The fairness of any law depends on one’s personal value system.

2. The fairness of a law also depends on one’s personal interest, or stake, in the legal issue at hand.

3. Disobeying unjust laws often has the opposite effect of what was intended or hoped for.

4. By justifying a violation of one sort of law we find ourselves on a slippery slope toward sanctioning all types of illegal behavior, including egregious criminal conduct.

 

社会和个人之法律公正么?

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19. "If a society is to thrive, it must put its own overall success before the well-being of its individual citizens."

 

如果一个社会要繁荣就必须将社会整体的成败置于单个社会成员的幸福之上。

Disagree

1. The society is made up of individual citizens; therefore, the development of individual citizens is crucial for the development of the whole society.

2. A society that ignores the well being of individual citizens is bound to end up in social turmoil or revolution.

少数和多数之成功

 

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